Posted on Leave a comment

Beneficial Bacteria

Click here to shop.

Bacteria are the key ingredient in any biological filter. Bacteria are, naturally, what makes a biological filter – biological. Without the aid of bacteria, a biological filter is just a “solids” removal filter that doesn’t remove organic waste and pollutants from the water!

Beneficial bacteria consume fish waste and other organic matter. They convert deadly ammonia into nitrites and then into harmless nitrates and nitrogen which is an integral part of pond filtration commonly referred to as “The Nitrogen Cycle”.

The Benefits of Nitrogen:

  • It is used as fertilizer by the pond plants.
  • It creates a healthy balanced environment.
  • It helps reduce algae.

It can take up to six or seven weeks for a beneficial bacteria colony to grow large enough to handle all the waste created by the pond fish and dead plant matter in a garden pond. It is best to help this process along by maintaining a pH level as close to neutral as possible and adding beneficial bacteria, available in liquid, granular or dry form, to avoid stressing or even injuring the fish.

The rate at which water flows through the biological chamber of the pond filter plays a major role in the effectiveness of the beneficial bacteria colony. If the water flows too fast the beneficial bacteria becomes ineffective, if it flows to slow it may not circulate enough of the pond water through the bacteria colony in the pond filter.

The biological chamber of the pond filter should only be cleaned when absolutely necessary and care must be taken not to eliminate the entire beneficial bacteria colony. Chlorinated water should never be used to clean the biological part of the pond filter.

Posted on Leave a comment

Water Test Kits

Click here to shop.

A Koi pond can be one of the best retreats available. The chance to simply relax and appreciate the beauty that is so unique to these living jewels.

It has been said that “we don’t keep fish, but rather water.” To a large extent, this is true.

We offer an extensive line of water treatment products and test kits to enable you to maintain a quality environment for your Koi.

Water Chemistry is important to understand. We have provided you with a few topics listed to the right which you can print for your personal use. A Koi pond can be one of the best retreats available.

We offer water treatment products and water test kits to enable you to maintain a quality environment for your Koi.

You’ll need to know your Pond Volume in order to best apply treatment. We have included our pond volume calculator link on the left for your convenience.

So what pond water test kits do you need?

Required Nice To Have Optional
pH Alkalinity Chlorine
Ammonia Salinity Hardness
Nitrite Nitrate
Thermometer Dissolved Oxygen

When to test.
An established pond with healthy Koi fish should be checked every month. It is only when you notice something out of the ordinary, and possibly during seasonal changes, that an additional test or two might be prudent.

An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. A simple test, at the right time, can prevent a minor problem from becoming a catastrophe.

When starting up a new pond or Bio-converter system, daily tests may be required until the converter comes online, then weekly for a couple of months until the system has stabilized.