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Predator Control

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Predator control, specifically of herons, is an important part of keeping your koi fish healthy and safe. Herons are very large, migratory birds that live across most of the United States; Florida has especially high populations of these birds. Full-grown herons will eat your koi, while the smaller herons will stab them for practice even if they can’t yet eat them.

There are several different methods to control herons around your koi pond. Motion-activated decoys that look like crows and squirt water when they detect motion are a good method. This will startle the heron and cause it to fly away. You can also use motion-activated spotlights to startle the herons. Netting your pond will keep them out altogether.

There are also some pond predator control methods out there that don’t work. Some people will put fake snakes around the koi pond or in the trees; usually the heron figures out the snakes are not real and then they approach the pond.

Plastic heron decoys are also not very effective. You would place these by your koi pond to deter the herons from entering another bird’s territory, but often the real heron will simply fish from the other side of your koi pond. Flight lines are also ineffective because the herons will simply wade in over them.

In summary, motion-activated decoys and spotlights, and netting are the most effective ways to keep herons from eating or harming your koi fish. Netting is the best.

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Beneficial Bacteria

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Bacteria are the key ingredient in any biological filter. Bacteria are, naturally, what makes a biological filter – biological. Without the aid of bacteria, a biological filter is just a “solids” removal filter that doesn’t remove organic waste and pollutants from the water!

Beneficial bacteria consume fish waste and other organic matter. They convert deadly ammonia into nitrites and then into harmless nitrates and nitrogen which is an integral part of pond filtration commonly referred to as “The Nitrogen Cycle”.

The Benefits of Nitrogen:

  • It is used as fertilizer by the pond plants.
  • It creates a healthy balanced environment.
  • It helps reduce algae.

It can take up to six or seven weeks for a beneficial bacteria colony to grow large enough to handle all the waste created by the pond fish and dead plant matter in a garden pond. It is best to help this process along by maintaining a pH level as close to neutral as possible and adding beneficial bacteria, available in liquid, granular or dry form, to avoid stressing or even injuring the fish.

The rate at which water flows through the biological chamber of the pond filter plays a major role in the effectiveness of the beneficial bacteria colony. If the water flows too fast the beneficial bacteria becomes ineffective, if it flows to slow it may not circulate enough of the pond water through the bacteria colony in the pond filter.

The biological chamber of the pond filter should only be cleaned when absolutely necessary and care must be taken not to eliminate the entire beneficial bacteria colony. Chlorinated water should never be used to clean the biological part of the pond filter.

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Water Test Kits

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A Koi pond can be one of the best retreats available. The chance to simply relax and appreciate the beauty that is so unique to these living jewels.

It has been said that “we don’t keep fish, but rather water.” To a large extent, this is true.

We offer an extensive line of water treatment products and test kits to enable you to maintain a quality environment for your Koi.

Water Chemistry is important to understand. We have provided you with a few topics listed to the right which you can print for your personal use. A Koi pond can be one of the best retreats available.

We offer water treatment products and water test kits to enable you to maintain a quality environment for your Koi.

You’ll need to know your Pond Volume in order to best apply treatment. We have included our pond volume calculator link on the left for your convenience.

So what pond water test kits do you need?

Required Nice To Have Optional
pH Alkalinity Chlorine
Ammonia Salinity Hardness
Nitrite Nitrate
Thermometer Dissolved Oxygen

When to test.
An established pond with healthy Koi fish should be checked every month. It is only when you notice something out of the ordinary, and possibly during seasonal changes, that an additional test or two might be prudent.

An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. A simple test, at the right time, can prevent a minor problem from becoming a catastrophe.

When starting up a new pond or Bio-converter system, daily tests may be required until the converter comes online, then weekly for a couple of months until the system has stabilized.

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Water Treatments

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Our biggest challenge as fish keepers is to create a ‘natural’ healthy environment in our ponds, where the correct balance of beneficial bacteria are allowed to develop and flourish.

The pond and filters in time, will mature to give a balanced eco-system. If this is not achieved, toxic waste that the fish produce will not be effectively removed and will cause stress to the fish and weaken their immune system.

This will lead to a reduction in their ability to fight off potential health problems. Growth and development are also adversely affected and in severe cases, fish losses will occur.

Our ponds are often overstocked, over fed and are treated with aggressive chemicals to kill parasites, fungal or bacterial infections. All of these have a detrimental effect on the balance of bacteria we are trying to maintain in our filters. Even a week on holiday with reduced feeding can cause the bacteria colony to die back.

To assist our own eco-system, we can introduce and supplement the correct beneficial bacteria into our system to accelerate and maintain this natural balancing process. This in turn will lead to clear, well-balanced water and healthier fish. At Pond Pets USA we are constantly asked for advice on which bacterial and supplement type products we use on our ponds.

We decided to research your needs and find products, that will set new standards for quality and performance. If you need any assistance or advice, please do not hesitate to contact us and we will be pleased to help.

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Koi Clay

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Thrive Koi Clay contains the ideal balance of Calcium, Magnesium and trace minerals for Koi and fish health.  Thrive Koi Pond Clay should be used all year long; although some only use it in the summer to combat algae problems.

Thrive Koi Clay is possibly the best food supplement for Koi and pond health from mother earth. These minerals are the vital element source of nutrients that easily dissolve in water and are absorbed by fish through body, gill, and digestion.

Adequate doses of Thrive Koi Clay in the fish’s diet helps our fish to live healthier and longer, improves their skin quality, adds gloss to their colors, aids in scale development and helps them develop to their full potential.

Calcium Bentonite / Montmorillonite Clay

Thrive Koi Clay contains a balance of minerals in their natural colloidal form, making them easily assimilated. The minerals present in Thrive Koi Clay enhance the production of enzymes in all living organisms, improve water quality, and removes toxins from the pond water.

How Thrive Koi Clay Works:

Thrive Koi Clay removes toxins. Calcium Bentonite / Montmorillonite Clay has an extensive surface area which allows it to attract, and then absorb, toxins such as heavy metals, free radicals, and pesticides.

How Thrive Koi Clay Helps Our Fish:

The curative properties of clay are founded in its special physical characteristics, above all in the distribution of its minute particles. Individual clay particles are smaller than many bacteria.

If infected mucous membranes are more or less flooded with clay, the bacteria are completely surrounded by clay particles and are thus separated from their source of nourishment and become imbedded in the inorganic material. Growth and the survivability of the bacteria are thus halted almost instantaneously, and from this is explained the strikingly speedy abatement of the symptoms of infection and/or symptoms of poisoning in acute infectious diseases of the alimentary canal.

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Microbe-Lift PL

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Microbe-Lift PL creates a healthy environment in your pond or lagoon and promotes faster fish growth. It improves dissolved oxygen and reduces hydrogen sulfide odors.

Microbe-Lift PL provides sustained biological activity in water temperatures even under 55 degrees. It helps to reduce ammonia and nitrogen levels and reduces animal waste buildup.

Odor-Free and Safe

PL will seed and maintain biological filters and will improve dissolved oxygen levels. It digests organic sludge, reduces unpleasant odors and breaks down both dead algae and uneaten fish food. 100% safe for humans, plants and wildlife.

Microbe-Lift PL should be used in conjunction with other Microbe-Lift products in ponds with especially difficult water quality problems, or if an extremely high level of water clarity and cleanliness is required.

PL is effective even: if your pH is high or low with or without sunlight if alkalinity is high or low if oxygen level is high or low Microbe-Lift PL is an extremely useful, versatile product and is sometimes used as a stand-alone maintenance solution for general pond health and water clarity.

Microbe-Lift PL Basic Application Rates
Size of Pond (in gallons) 1st Application (purge) Next 4 Weeks (once per week)

Maintenance (once a month)

80-200

8 oz.

2 oz.

2 oz.
201-500

10 oz.

3 oz.

3 oz.
501-1,000

12 oz.

4 oz.

4 oz.
1,001-5,000

16 oz.

6 oz.

6 oz.

Microbe-Lift/PL Helps To Do The Following:

  • Helps reduce Ammonia and Nitrogen levels
  • Helps ponds to clear naturally
  • This bacteria is active even in water temperatures under 55° F
  • Breaks down organic sludge and slime
  • Seeds and maintains biological filters
  • Creates a healthy environment for your pond, promoting faster fish growth
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Koi Foods

Choose the right Koi food

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Choosing the right food for your Koi is one on the most important decisions you must make. Pond Pets USA is committed to offering a wide selection of medicated, colour enhancing, growth stimulating and sustaining foods.

The feeding pattern, and thus the growth rate, of Koi depends on many factors, such as water temperature, water quality, stocking density and genetic background Koi feed most actively at temperatures in excess of 15c(59F), thus sexually immature fish can grow rapidly during the summer months when the temperature is warmer.

Once Koi are mature, their growth rate slows considerably; in sexually mature fish, most of the food eaten is utilized in producing eggs or sperm in preparation for breeding. However, unlike many other vertebrates, fish continue to grow throughout their lives and it is easy for pampered Koi to reproduce and continue to grow because of their artificially high feeding rates.

The cycle of rapid growth in summer and retarded growth in winter produces rings on the fish’s scales (much like the growth rings of a tree) and a Koi’s age can be determined by counting these rings. Some Koi-keepers, however, who heat their pools in the winter, continue to feed their Koi throughout the year. If a Koi has continued to feed during winter its rings will not be clearly defined and it will therefore be difficult to age.

Water Temp
in °(C)
Feeding Quantity Food Type
less than 10 Do not feed Koi Temps. at 10° C of more than one month may require supplemental feedings of low protein high carbohydrate.
10-13 2-3 times a week
(if Koi are hungry)
High carbohydrate, low protein, laxative type foods.
Wheat germ, squash, lettuce & brown bread.
13-15 4-5 times per week
(if Koi are hungry)
Add low protein (25%) pellets along with vegetables.
Increase quantities gradually as temp. increases.
15 Once per day six days a week Low protein (25%) pellets along with high carbohydrate vegetables and fruit.
15-18 Once or twice per day everyday Gradually increase protein in pellets (35%) and quantity of pellets. Vary diet with vegetables and fruits.
18-22 Once or twice per day Bulk of diet should be 35% protein pellets.
Add fruits, vegetables and plankton for variety.
22-26 3-4 times a day High protein pellets (35% to 40%) with color enhancers. Add plankton, vegetables, fruits and shrimp.
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Copyright Notice

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Privacy Policy

This is the web site of Pond Pets USA

Our office address is:

Hours:

Mon – Fri (10am – 4pm) Pacific time
Closed Saturday and Sunday
Phone: (661) 245-3743

Telephone Number: 661-245-3743

We can be reached via e-mail at:

For each visitor to our Web page, our Web server automatically recognizes only the consumer’s domain name, but not the e-mail address (where possible).

We collect only the domain name, but not the e-mail address of visitors to our Web page, aggregate information on what pages consumers access or visit, information volunteered by the consumer, such as survey information and/or site registrations.

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From time to time, we may use customer information for new, unanticipated uses not previously disclosed in our privacy notice. If our information practices change at some time in the future we will post the policy changes to our Web site to notify you of these changes and provide you with the ability to opt out of these new uses. If you are concerned about how your information is used, you should check back at our Web site periodically.

Customers may prevent their information from being used for purposes other than those for which it was originally collected by sending us e-mail at the above address.

Upon request we provide site visitors with access to all information [including proprietary information] that we maintain about them, communications that the consumer/visitor has directed to our site (e.g., e-mails, customer inquiries).

Consumers can access this information by e-mail at the above address.

Upon request we offer visitors the ability to have inaccuracies corrected in contact information.

Consumers can have this information corrected by sending us e-mail at the above address.

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If you feel that this site is not following its stated information policy, you may contact us at the above addresses, The DMA’s Committee on Ethical Business Practices at mgoldberger@the-dma.org, state or local chapters of the Better Business Bureau, state or local consumer protection office, The Federal Trade Commission by phone at 202.FTC-HELP (202.382.4357) or electronically at http://www.ftc.gov/ftc/complaint.htm.

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Unless otherwise expressly set forth herein, Pond Pets USA makes no representation that materials on this website are appropriate or available for use in any location. Those who choose to access this website do so on their own initiative and are responsible for compliance with local laws.

OWNERSHIP OF INFORMATION
Any information, other than personal data or information, you transmit to Pond Pets USA via this website, by electronic mail or otherwise, including data, questions, comments, or suggestions will be treated as non-confidential and nonproprietary and will become the property of Pond Pets USA. Such information, other than personal data or information, may be used for any purpose, including, but not limited to, reproduction, solicitations, disclosure, transmission, publication, broadcast, and posting. Pond Pets USA is free to use any ideas, concepts, know-how, or techniques contained in any communication you send to Pond Pets USA via this website or by any other means for any purpose whatsoever, including, but not limited to, developing and marketing products using such information.